Queries

Variants

getBy queries are shown by default in the query documentation below.

getBy

getBy* queries return the first matching node for a query, and throw an error if no elements match or if more than one match is found (use getAllBy instead).

getAllBy

getAllBy* queries return an array of all matching nodes for a query, and throw an error if no elements match.

queryBy

queryBy* queries return the first matching node for a query, and return null if no elements match. This is useful for asserting an element that is not present. This throws if more than one match is found (use queryAllBy instead).

queryAllBy

queryAllBy* queries return an array of all matching nodes for a query, and return an empty array ([]) if no elements match.

findBy

findBy queries return a promise which resolves when a matching element is found. The promise is rejected if no elements match or if more than one match is found after a default timeout of 4500ms. If you need to find more than one element, then use findAllBy.

findAllBy

findAllBy queries return a promise which resolves to an array when any matching elements are found. The promise is rejected if no elements match after a default timeout of 4500ms.

info

In order to properly use findBy and findAllBy queries you need at least React >=16.9.0 (featuring async act) or React Native >=0.60 (which comes with React >=16.9.0).

info

findBy and findAllBy queries accept optional waitForOptions object argument which can contain timeout and interval properies which have the same meaning as respective options for waitFor function.

Queries

Note: most methods like this one return a ReactTestInstance with following properties that you may be interested in:

type ReactTestInstance = {
type: string | Function,
props: { [propName: string]: any },
parent: null | ReactTestInstance,
children: Array<ReactTestInstance | string>,
};

ByText

getByText, getAllByText, queryByText, queryAllByText, findByText, findAllByText

Returns a ReactTestInstance with matching text – may be a string or regular expression.

This method will join <Text> siblings to find matches, similarly to how React Native handles these components. This will allow for querying for strings that will be visually rendered together, but may be semantically separate React components.

import { render } from '@testing-library/react-native';
const { getByText } = render(<MyComponent />);
const element = getByText('banana');

ByPlaceholderText

getByPlaceholderText, getAllByPlaceholderText, queryByPlaceholderText, queryAllByPlaceholderText, findByPlaceholderText, findAllByPlaceholderText

Returns a ReactTestInstance for a TextInput with a matching placeholder – may be a string or regular expression.

import { render } from '@testing-library/react-native';
const { getByPlaceholderText } = render(<MyComponent />);
const element = getByPlaceholderText('username');

ByDisplayValue

getByDisplayValue, getAllByDisplayValue, queryByDisplayValue, queryAllByDisplayValue, findByDisplayValue, findAllByDisplayValue

Returns a ReactTestInstance for a TextInput with a matching display value – may be a string or regular expression.

import { render } from '@testing-library/react-native';
const { getByDisplayValue } = render(<MyComponent />);
const element = getByDisplayValue('username');

ByTestId

getByTestId, getAllByTestId, queryByTestId, queryAllByTestId, findByTestId, findAllByTestId

Returns a ReactTestInstance with matching testID prop.

import { render } from '@testing-library/react-native';
const { getByTestId } = render(<MyComponent />);
const element = getByTestId('unique-id');
caution

Please be mindful when using these API and treat it as an escape hatch. Your users can't interact with testID anyhow, so you may end up writing tests that provide false sense of security. Favor text and accessibility queries instead.

ByA11yLabel, ByAccessibilityLabel, ByLabelText

getByA11yLabel, getAllByA11yLabel, queryByA11yLabel, queryAllByA11yLabel, findByA11yLabel, findAllByA11yLabel getByAccessibilityLabel, getAllByAccessibilityLabel, queryByAccessibilityLabel, queryAllByAccessibilityLabel, findByAccessibilityLabel, findAllByAccessibilityLabel getByLabelText, getAllByLabelText, queryByLabelText, queryAllByLabelText, findByLabelText, findAllByLabelText

Returns a ReactTestInstance with matching accessibilityLabel prop.

import { render } from '@testing-library/react-native';
const { getByA11yLabel } = render(<MyComponent />);
const element = getByA11yLabel('my-label');

ByA11yHint, ByAccessibilityHint, ByHintText

getByA11yHint, getAllByA11yHint, queryByA11yHint, queryAllByA11yHint, findByA11yHint, findAllByA11yHint getByAccessibilityHint, getAllByAccessibilityHint, queryByAccessibilityHint, queryAllByAccessibilityHint, findByAccessibilityHint, findAllByAccessibilityHint getByHintText, getAllByHintText, queryByHintText, queryAllByHintText, findByHintText, findAllByHintText

Returns a ReactTestInstance with matching accessibilityHint prop.

import { render } from '@testing-library/react-native';
const { getByA11yHint } = render(<MyComponent />);
const element = getByA11yHint('my-hint');

ByA11yStates, ByAccessibilityStates

getByA11yStates, getAllByA11yStates, queryByA11yStates, queryAllByA11yStates getByAccessibilityStates, getAllByAccessibilityStates, queryByAccessibilityStates, queryAllByAccessibilityStates

Returns a ReactTestInstance with matching accessibilityStates prop.

import { render } from '@testing-library/react-native';
const { getByA11yStates } = render(<MyComponent />);
const element = getByA11yStates(['checked']);
const element2 = getByA11yStates('checked');

ByA11yRole, ByAccessibilityRole, ByRole

getByA11yRole, getAllByA11yRole, queryByA11yRole, queryAllByA11yRole, findByA11yRole, findAllByA11yRole getByAccessibilityRole, getAllByAccessibilityRole, queryByAccessibilityRole, queryAllByAccessibilityRole, findByAccessibilityRole, findAllByAccessibilityRole getByRole, getAllByRole, queryByRole, queryAllByRole, findByRole, findAllByRole

Returns a ReactTestInstance with matching accessibilityRole prop.

import { render } from '@testing-library/react-native';
const { getByA11yRole } = render(<MyComponent />);
const element = getByA11yRole('button');

ByA11yState, ByAccessibilityState

getByA11yState, getAllByA11yState, queryByA11yState, queryAllByA11yState, findByA11yState, findAllByA11yState getByAccessibilityState, getAllByAccessibilityState, queryByAccessibilityState, queryAllByAccessibilityState, findByAccessibilityState, findAllByAccessibilityState

Returns a ReactTestInstance with matching accessibilityState prop.

import { render } from '@testing-library/react-native';
const { getByA11yState } = render(<Component />);
const element = getByA11yState({ disabled: true });

ByA11Value, ByAccessibilityValue

getByA11yValue, getAllByA11yValue, queryByA11yValue, queryAllByA11yValue, findByA11yValue, findAllByA11yValue getByAccessibilityValue, getAllByAccessibilityValue, queryByAccessibilityValue, queryAllByAccessibilityValue, findByAccessibilityValue, findAllByAccessibilityValue

Returns a ReactTestInstance with matching accessibilityValue prop.

import { render } from '@testing-library/react-native';
const { getByA11yValue } = render(<Component />);
const element = getByA11yValue({ min: 40 });

Unit testing helpers

Use sparingly and responsibly, escape hatches here

render from @testing-library/react-native exposes additional queries that should not be used in component integration testing, but some users (like component library creators) interested in unit testing some components may find helpful.

Queries helpful in unit testing

The interface is the same as for other queries, but we won't provide full names so that they're harder to find by search engines.

UNSAFE_ByType

UNSAFE_getByType, UNSAFE_getAllByType, UNSAFE_queryByType, UNSAFE_queryAllByType

Returns a ReactTestInstance with matching a React component type.

caution

This method has been marked unsafe, since it requires knowledge about implementation details of the component. Use responsibly.

UNSAFE_ByProps

UNSAFE_getByProps, UNSAFE_getAllByProps, UNSAFE_queryByProps, UNSAFE_queryAllByProps

Returns a ReactTestInstance with matching props object.

caution

This method has been marked unsafe, since it requires knowledge about implementation details of the component. Use responsibly.